Tots Tips

: Baby poop can be a range of colours (yellow, green, brown) - but if PALE/WHITE/GREY or has BLOOD in it make sure you get checked!

: Babies vomit for lots of reasons (usually harmless) - can be various colours, but if it is GREEN or has BLOOD in it get checked!

: Remember babies also need to feed/drink more in hot weather. You may need to breast/bottle feed more often!

Having the vitamin K injection at birth is important, quick, entirely safe AND avoids any problems with oral doses later.

: ALL babies need to have vitamin K at birth - if yours had it by mouth then make sure they get follow-up doses at 1 week & 1 month

: All UK newborns have a heel-prick blood test between 5-8 days of life - looks for important conditions so make sure you have it!

: Jaundiced babies who have pale/chalky poo & dark wee need URGENT medical check to exclude liver problems... 

: ANY baby with jaundice lasting over 3 weeks' age MUST be checked & tested for serious underlying conditions - rare but important.

: Baby jaundice is very common & usually harmless. If your baby looks jaundiced then make sure they get checked by a professional.

: Folks when changing babies ALWAYS do it on a mat on the FLOOR - you'd be surprised at how many fall off!

: Parents always make sure you cut up small fruit (e.g. grapes) for kids - you'd be surprised at how easy it is to choke!

: Breast milk changes dramatically in 1st week of baby's life - starts with colostrum then becomes 'proper' milk. All good stuff!

: Some areas now offer a screening test for Cystic Fibrosis on the heel-prick test done on all babies #CFWeek

: If you want you can start expressing as soon as baby is born - start with hand expressing then move onto pump. Ask your midwife!

: If baby just won't feed on the breast then try expressing & give by bottle - it's a good alternative! If not enough use formula.

: It's ok to supplement breastfeeds with extra formula if too much weight loss - only needed temporarily until feeding sorted.

: It's normal for babies to lose weight after birth. Up to 10% is ok. If anymore you MUST make sure they are feeding properly.

: Down syndrome kids need follow-up screening for hearing, development and thyroid problems. Also at higher risk of leukaemia.

: Down syndrome babies have typical facial features that are seen from birth. If you are worried a simple baby check may help.

: Down syndrome is due to an imbalance of genetic material. The risks in pregnancy increase with age >35 - you can get screened.

: There is NEVER a good reason to give your kids goat's milk. There are far better & more suitable alternatives.

: Injection Vitamin K for newborns may be better than taking by mouth - oral dose requires repeat at 1 week and 1 month.

: 'Flat' heads are totally normal in most babies as their skull bones haven't fused & mould easily - will improve with age.

: Cow's milk protein intolerance is far more likely than lactose intolerance in babies so using lactose-free formula is pointless!

: If you think your baby has a milk allergy/intolerance, always check with your doctor to make sure before changing their milk.

: Prolonged diarrhoea in babies could be because of an intolerance to milk (may vomit too) - see your doc for a check.

: It's common for babies to get jaundiced - most OK. Get check if severe, baby is unwell or it lasts longer than 3 weeks.

: Babies struggle when snuffly as they don't realise they can breathe through their mouths yet - saline nose drops will help.

: Did you know using a dummy/pacifier reduces the risk of cot death? Try to wean off by 6 months though.

: Bronchiolitis is a viral chest infection that happens in infants - most get better by themselves & don't need antibiotics!

: Remember to get your child checked & weighed regularly at the health visitor clinic - it's really useful to have that info!

: Vaccines do have risks/side-effects, but not vaccinating your child puts them at FAR GREATER risk #itsnotrocketscience

: If you are Hep B/C positive then let your MW/HV/GP know - your baby may need vaccination soon after birth to protect it.

: Remember to get your baby vaccinated at 2, 3 and 4 months' age regardless of whether they were born prematurely.

: If you have a history of Hep B or Hep C it is important you tell your midewife - baby will need Hep B vaccine soon after birth.

: Does your baby have blood in the poo? Get it checked by a doctor. Can sometimes be a sign of milk allergy.

: Not all babies poo everyday - can vary from several times a day to once a week. Formula can sometimes cause constipation.

: Every baby in the UK should get a hearing check soon after birth - it is a screening test.

: There's lots of help & support for families with a premature baby - please help charities like  to do this!

: Extremely premature babies have a high risk of long-term breathing problems & disability - they need support at home.

: Extremely premature babies have a high risk of long-term breathing problems & disability - they need support at home.

: Blood vessels in premature baby brains are fragile - they can bleed easily. We do ultrasound scans to watch out for this.

: Premature babies can't feed straight away - when they are ready breast milk is best & safest. Express & store it until then.

: Premature babies' lungs are under-developed so they may require breathing support - some have to go on a ventilator.

: Having a premature baby can be a very difficult journey & they can get sicker as well as better - take each day as it comes.

: The more premature your baby is the more likely it is to have problems in the short & long term - some can be serious.

: If you labour early, you may be given antibiotics to reduce chances of infection & steroid medicine to help baby's lungs.

: Risk factors for delivering prematurely include age (very young/old), IVF, twins, smoking, infection & medical problems.

: Babies born more than 3 weeks before the due date are classed as 'premature' - lowest limit is currently 23 weeks old.

: Vitamin K is essential for all newborn babies to prevent serious bleeding - injection at birth is easier & the best option.

: Breat is best, but not everyone can breastfeed successfully. Do not feel bad if you have to use formula milk!

: Babies like being swaddled, gentle rocking movements & background noise... Gets them off to sleep a treat!

: Babies need to drink more in hot weather as well as adults! Remember you may have to feed them milk more often.

: Most infants will be crawling by 9 months - remember to baby-proof your home before then!

: Teething can be a real nightmare for the little ones - rub some Bonjela into the gums to help. It numbs the gums!

: A term, well-grown baby won't feed very much in the first 24 hours as their stomachs are small & they have plenty of stores.

: Not all babies poo everyday expecially if on formula milk. Can vary from several times a day to once every few days!

: Decided not to breastfeed & wondering which formula? All pretty much the same - try to avoid soya ones though due to oestrogens.

: Breastfeeding may reduce your kid's chances of behaviour problems but it is comple & likely other factors are involved too.

: Sometimes babies pass red stuff in their urine - this could just be urine crystals (especially if not feeding well).

: Some babies have swollen nipples when born - this is usually due to the influence of mum's hormones and will settle.

: Some baby girls have discharge down below soon after birth - again due to mum's hormones & will get better.

: Tongue-ties in babies are seldom a major problem - most sort themselves out & are only treated if interfering with feeding.

: If your tot gets upset & uncomfortable with feeds they may have reflux (baby heartburn) - ask about Infant Gaviscon.

: For reflux try feeding at slightly upright angle & prop head of cot up at slight angle too.

: Most reflux is harmless and tots will grow out of it naturally!

: Primary vaccinations in the UK are due at 2, 3 & 4 months after birth - this now includes the pneumococcal vaccine.

: All Tied Up - should we treat tongue-ties in babies? Check my blog...

: Group B Strep (GBS) is a bug that normally lives in the vagina & usually doesn't cause any problems apart from when you have a baby.

: GBS in babies can be prevented by having a swab & treatment with antibiotics in labour if positive.

: Symptoms of GBS infection in babies are non-specific & include: fever, poor feeding, lethargy & jaundice.

: For more GBS info visit or follow @GBSSupport.

: If you are HIV positive & pregnant, with treatment you can reduce the chance of your baby getting it to less than 1%.

: If your tot gets upset & uncomfortable with feeds they may have reflux (baby heartburn) - ask about Infant Gaviscon.